When You Need to Take Pain Relief for Sciatica

Before we talk about the medicines, it’s important that we know what sciatica is. A damage or pressure involving the sciatic nerve, the largest nerve in the body, is referred to as sciatica. The sciatic nerve runs from the bottom of the spine to the hip joint and knee and ankle. A pain caused by sciatica is felt deep inside the leg and can make one cripple in no time. Due to the pain of sciatica, a person may experience a feeling of tingling, weakness or numbness in the leg or a sharp burning sensation all of which can be extremely uncomfortable. To achieve permanent sciatica pain relief, the cause of sciatica needs to be targeted and then the treatment should continue. Damage or pressure on the sciatic nerve can be caused by various reasons and the medicine is provided only after diagnosing the cause.

People suffering from temporary sciatica can get relief taking anti-inflammatory medication or pain killers. If the situation is worse, doctors might administer cortisone injections. To reduce the degree of inflammation, one can place hot or cold ice packs on the painful area. It may also alleviate pain.

However, it is seen that sciatica, which is a type of neuralgia, often turns out to be a symptom of a cause. Sciatica can be as a result of various other diseases, including spondylolisthesis, piriformis syndrome, spinal stenosis, tumors, slipped or herniated disk, osteoporosis, and pregnancy among others. Many of the causes of sciatica are further caused by other factors. Each cause of sciatica needs to be looked at carefully in order to help with permanent sciatica pain relief or if the pain does not ease up. If you are looking for a neurological disorders treatment in Australia, you won’t be left hopeless. Australia has done a handsome progress in the field of neurosurgery in past few decades.

 

 

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Improvements in the Field of Stroke Care

In medical terminology, what is often referred to as stroke is actually a clot in a major blood vessel in the brain. In recent years we have gathered a huge number of data that proves the benefits of two things: early intervention in cases of stroke and the use of endovascular techniques for mechanical embolectomy. After a lot of research, we have finally got some substantial proofs to agree on the fact that sooner the stroke patients are evaluated by a team of doctors at a Comprehensive Stroke Center the better.

We need to always keep it in mind that a stroke patient needs to be taken to a stroke center, instead of community hospitals, because they need to be treated by an INR specialist to diagnose the exact cause of the stroke and address the issue immediately. Earlier it was seen that a quick intervention to remove a blood clot stuck in the brain, but in the last few years after multiple clinical trials, experts have concluded that due to this intervention, patients really do better. Before these experiments, medical community never considered mechanical embolectomy an effective technique to deal with stroke. Here, we must tell you mechanical embolectomy is the technique of navigating a small catheter up to a blood vessel in the brain to remove any kind of blockage.

The process of mechanical embolectomy has been used for years to treat heart attack patients, but there was doubt amongst the physicians regarding its usefulness in the case of brain stroke. Also, it was believed for years that once a clot triggered a stroke, the damage is irreparable. Now, with the improvement of medical science, we know that some patients who not only have regular medications, but also opt for mechanical embolectomy, they cure faster. There are a good number of online portals who can connect you to the surgeons dealing with brain and spine surgery in Australia.

Things You Need to Know if You are a Diabetic and Going for Spine Surgery

If you are a patient of diabetes and need to undergo spine surgery, a lot of mental preparation is required for successful surgery and quick recovery. People suffering from diabetes are mostly at high risk of certain issues, including infection and slower healing rate. Luckily, the patient having diabetes can take necessary steps before and after spine surgery to reduce the degree of complications.

In maximum cases a neck or back surgery causes physical and mental stress that certainly changes the hormone level in your body. These sudden changes can cause increased insulin resistance. Due to hormone fluctuation, body might start producing less insulin and other changes might occur that would increase the risk of hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar. If one is suffering due to high blood sugar, it can increase the risk and complications after surgery. Hence, people are often advised for medication consideration instead of going directly for the surgery. There has to be a sync between the medicines prescribed by the diabetologist and the neurosurgeon.

Lifestyle changes before surgery

Diet: This is the time you need to keep a check on your regular diet. Plan for a nutritious meal with plenty of protein elements to help the healing process and grow stronger tissues at the spot of surgery. Make sure you are not skipping any meal, so that you get the calories and protein you need to heal faster.

Exercise: If you have not been doing exercises regularly, talk to your doctor before you start. Exercise will strengthen your body and help you recover quickly.

Alcohol and smoking: To control your blood sugar, quitting or reducing alcohol can be of great help. If you quit smoking, it will make it easier for you to breathe after surgery.

For more details about diabetes and neurosurgery, you can look for an e-consultant for neurosurgery today.

Things you need to know before going for Outpatient Spine Surgery

With the improvement in technology and various surgical techniques in recent years, people suffering from spine problems have been opting for surgeries to be performed outside the conventional hospital setting. Instead of the traditional hospital settings, they are going for outpatient spine surgery centers.

What is an outpatient spine surgery center?

An outpatient spine surgery center refers to an ambulatory care facility where people associated with the entire process of spine surgery are focused only on performing spine surgery. The staff in these centers needs to be intensely committed to the cause apart from knowing the techniques of the surgery, as the patients of spine surgery need special care beyond what is usually offered by any ambulatory care facility. In comparison to other ambulatory care facilities, outpatient spine surgery takes help of different anesthetic techniques, post-surgery pain treatments and strategies to move patients.

In outpatient spine surgery center best of the techniques are used to allow the patients to have the shortest possible procedure and quickest recovery. The motive behind the entire process is to make sure the patient gets back to their lives at a considerable cost savings. The surgery done in these centers also aim to allow the patients to recover faster in the comfort of their home.

Why more people want to go for outpatient spine surgery?

In last one decade, there has been a significant growth in outpatient spine surgeries. Several reasons are considered responsible for the increasing rate of outpatient spine surgeries, including convenience, decreased cost, better patient experience and much more. If a patient needs extensive physical therapy after surgery, then services are provided on an outpatient basis. In such cases, patients are sent home and services are provided to them at home. For more details you can look for consultants in neurology, who can suggest you better options to get quickly back on your foot.

A Brief Outline of the Treatments for Spinal Compression Fractures

In recent years a disease called Osteoporosis has created a terror among patients suffering from bone related disorders. People affected by this disease experience bone weakness that increases the risk of fracture on spine, wrist, hip. Around 54 million Americans are suffering from Osteoporosis and osteopenia. If Osteoporosis remain unnoticed or untreated, it silently progresses without causing any pain and finally breaks a bone.

Apart from causing hip and wrist fractures, a case of severe osteoporosis can cause compression fractures in the spine. It happens when the bony block or vertebral body, in the spine suddenly collapses. A patient who is suffering from this disorder, experiences severe pain, loss of weight and deformity. In serious cases, it may cause nerve compression.

Until recent years, doctors did not have better options to treat the osteoporosis-related spine fractures other than giving pain medications, bed rest or invasive spinal surgery. The advancements in the field of spinal surgery have invented two more therapeutic and preventive treatments called vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty.

Vertebroplasty

Originally developed in France in 1986, Vertebroplasty is further refined in the US since 1991. This minimally invasive procedure is developed to relieve the patients from the pain of compression fractures. Along with relieving pain, the weakened vertebral bodies can be strengthened in the process that helps to prevent future health concerns.

Kyphoplasty

This treatment is comparatively newer for patients who are unable to move due to the painful vertebral body compression fractures that are associated with osteoporosis. Just like vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty is also a minimally invasive procedure that is able to reduce up to 90% of the pain caused by compression fractures. Apart from relieving pain, this treatment process can stabilize the fracture and reduce deformity.

If you are suffering from any of the said problems, you should immediately look for Neurosurgery Consultation to discuss your problems without further delay.

Common Future Biomaterials for Spinal Implants

From the end of the last century to the beginning of the present, spinal implants used to be manufactured of metal alloys which include stainless steel, pure titanium and a blend of titanium-aluminium-vanadium. Recently, the field of spinal surgery has seen a lot of changes with the developments in the area of non-metalic biomaterials that has lead to the usage of PEEK and other composite materials. Biomaterails used in the field of orthopedic surgery can be divided under three heads – metals, ceramics and polymers. But, the latest developments are definitely path breakers.

  1. Titanium: Apart from steel, recently titanium metal is being used to make cages, hooks, plates, screws, bolts and other varieties of spinal implants. Unlike stainless steel, titanium helps in the betterment of CT and MRI imaging.
  2. Bone Graft: The bone used for grafting is either taken from the patient’s body or can be used from bone bank. Allograft or bone from bone bank is collected from the cadavers and is processed for the purpose of transplanting into patients. But, the problem is if the bone is taken from the pelvic area of the patient, going forward, they may start suffering from chronic pain.
  3. Bone Morphogenetic Proteins: BMP will be placed inside a collagen (protein) sponge or other implants made of ceramic and used as a replacement of bone in the areas where fusion is desired. The availability of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins will minimise the need for both autologous or allograft bone.
  4. Ceramic and carbon fiber: Carbon fiber used for spinal implants are radiolucent. It means that the implants made of this material will not show up on X-Ray. This allows better visibility of bone fusion.

If you are advised by your doctor for spinal implant surgery and wish to know about the materials in more details, you can always ask a neurologist online.

The Connection Between Sleep Deprivation and Epilepsy

When one suffers from sleep deprivation it may start having unlimited adverse effects and it can be more painful if the person has epilepsy. Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disorder and is linked to the sufferers of seizures who aquire it involuntarily. The seizures are nothing but the symptoms of an irregular and abnormal neuronal activity in the brain. Research shows that 50 million people across the world are either suffering from epilepsy or at least have suffered from epilepsy at least once in their lifetime.

It’s not that all epilepsis are permanent but there is no permanent cure for it. Medications can help to control epileptic shocks, but epilepsy can last for a certain period of time in one’s life or it could very well be a long time health issue. Also, epilepsy itself is not a syndrome. There are numerous factors responsible for the occurence of this disease and all these factors contribute to the occurence of an abnormal activity in the brain, which may cause the shock.

Although in maximum instances, epilepsy shocks keep happening randomly or spontaneously, epilepsy can be triggered as well. If one is getting shock during drug and alcohol withdrawal , it will not be considered epilepsy. The triggers for epilepsy can be normal day to day activities such as reading, hot water on the head and hyperventilation. Flashing or flickering lights can be a type of reflex epilepsy that is called photosensitive epilepsy. There are certain environmental factors that can trigger epileptic shock, which include sleeping or hypnogogia. Stress and anxiety, menstruation, constipation, and alcohol can be some other epileptic triggers.

Someone, who is suffering from such shocks regularly for a long time, may have to go through neurosurgical intervention. In maximum cases, an entire team works to treat such patients, where with the involvement of reputed neurosurgeons, such issues are dealth with.

The specialized Branches of Neurosurgery and the Modern Surgical Methods

Neurology comprises a significant part of medical science and deals with the diagnosis, surgical treatments and rehabilitation of the nervous system related disorders. The human nervous system is comprised of the brain, peripheral nervous system, spinal cord and extra-cranial cerebro-vascular system. Neurosurgery deals with the treatment of trauma, congenital conditions and other infections resulting from degenerative conditions.

The surgery is done in following cases:

Infection cases: Meningitis

Congenital conditions: Hydrocephaus

Trauma: head or spinal trauma that may cause internal bleeding

Degenerative diseases: Parkinson’s disease

General Neurosurgery

Almost all the conditions associated with neurological trauma or emergencies can be treated using this technique. Health conditions such as intracranial hemorrhage is treated under this technique.

Vascular and endovascular neurosurgery       

Associated with the treatments of aneurysms, stroke, carotid stenosis, spinal malformations and vasospasms, this surgical interventions are often done using minimally invasive techniques such as embolization or angioplasty.

Spine Surgery

Doctors prefer to go for spine surgery to treat those disorders which affect the lumbar spines, thoracic and cervical. The most common condition that is treated by spine surgery includes arthritis in the spinal discs, compression of the spinal cord that is caused by trauma or spondylosis. The symptoms that are seen in such cases include balance deficiency or numbness and tickling in the hands and feet.

Microsurgery

While performing this surgery, doctors take the help of microscopic technology so that they can treat the affected areas of the brain through smaller openings. Using this technique, they can magnify the treatment area. The advanced equipments of modern era help them to perform complex procedures through this technique. It is less invasive and convenient for the surgeons.

Endoscopic neurosurgery

One of the most significant procedures in the field of modern neurosurgery, this technique is used in the treatment of cerebrospinal fluid leakage, pituitary tumors, colloid cysts, hydrocephalus and some other disorders.

Things you Should Ask Your Neurosurgeon Before you Make Your Mind for Back Surgery

If you are suffering from a chronic back pain then there is every possibility of you using all manner of conservative back pain remedies, including resting, medication, exercise, heat or cold therapy, consultation with chiropractor or even cortiscosteroid injections. But, if after all these remedies, pain persists, your physician may have to consider a more invasive approach.

Initially, your primary care physician will help you find the right neurosurgeon for your surgery and other stuff, but before you decide on this, you should ask your surgeon the following questions without fail:

  1. Are there any alternative to surgery?

Even if you think, you have tried them all, your neurosurgeon could surprise you with their suggestions beyond what you have attempted so far. Further, he has seen a number of people suffering from the same kind of pain. So, he may know what is the most conservative remedy for you.

  1. What are the risks involved with this surgery?

It’s very much important for you to know the short and long term risks involved with your potential surgery. No doubt, it is a difficult question to ask, but it will help you to take your decisions. It is always better to remain aware of the risks up front.

  1. What are the benefits of this surgery?

It will help you to understand if the benefits of the potential surgery will really impact you. It will also help the surgeon to choose the operation that’s right for you.

  1. How long will you have to be in the hospital?

The answer to this question will basically help you to get an idea how invasive the surgery is going to be. It will also give you an idea to plan other aspects of your life, such as work and family responsibilities.

  1. How long will it take to recover?

Definitely recovery will take longer period of time than your stay in the hospital. Talk about this with your surgeon in details to get a good idea of the full extent of recovery and things you can do to speed recovery.

There are many neurosurgery consultants who are skilled to tackle such cases to ensure the patient is sure about the decision and remain in good mental status before they make their mind for surgery.

Brain Surgery: How to Prepare and What Risks are Involved

If brain surgery turns out to be a must for you, your doctor will provide you with complete instructions on how you should prepare for this procedure. You should tell your doctor about any medication you are taking, including nutritional supplements and over-the-counter medicine. Your doctor may ask you to stop taking those medicines in the days before the surgery. In case you had some prior surgeries or allergies or if you have been consuming a lot of alcohol, you should share that with your doctor. Your doctor may give you a special soap to wash your hair with before the surgery happens.

Risks Involved

All surgical procedures come with some risks. But, as brain surgery is a very complex and major medical event, it carries extra risk. The possible risks involved with brain surgery include:

  • Allergic reaction to anesthesia
  • Bleeding in the brain
  • A blood clot
  • Brain swelling
  • Coma
  • Impaired speech, vision, coordination, or balance
  • Infection in the brain or at the wound site
  • Memory problems
  • Seizures
  • Stroke

Following up after brain surgery

Immediately after the surgery, you will be under close observation to ensure everything works properly. You will be seated in a raised position to prevent any type of face or brain swelling. Recovery from brain surgery mainly depends on the type of procedure done. In ideal cases stay for brain surgery can last up to a week or more. How long you are going to stay in the hospital that depends on how well your body responds to the surgery. During  this time, you will be on pain medications. Before leaving the hospital, your doctor will explain the next steps of the process. If you are planning to go for your brain surgery in Australia then there are a number of modern brain surgery consultants in Sydney who can explain you the pre and post surgery procedure in vivid details.